Worlds and Moral Evaluation
", Ethics & Information Technology,
255-265. (penultimate draft
Consider the multi-user virtual
worlds of online games such as EVE and World
of Warcraft, or the multi-user virtual world of Second Life. Suppose a
player performs an action in one of these worlds, via his or
her virtual character, which would be wrong, if the virtual
world were real. What is the moral status of this virtual
action? In this paper I consider this question.
Holistic or Simple
9: 225-233. (penultimate draft
In "What Is Justified Belief?"
Alvin Goldman proposed a simple form of reliabilism about
justification. In Epistemology
and Cognition, Goldman offered a more complicated
version of reliabilism, which he has endorsed as superior to
the simple version. In this paper I clarify both versions of
reliabilism, and argue that the simpler model is preferable.
When and under what conditions is
a proposition P
evidence for some agent A?
Nicholas Silins has recently argued that any answer must be a
version of Evidential Internalism: necessarily, if A and B are internal twins, then
A and B have the same evidence.
I argue against this and draw some conclusions about evidence.
Act of Perception
, 139: 367-393.
Mark Johnston offers a direct
realist account of hallucination. I argue that it is either
not a direct realist account or that it does not sufficiently
take account of hallucination.
Ch. 1 Bayesian
Epistemology and 'Ought'-Implies-'Can'
Evidence: Internal and External
Ch. 3 A Reliabilist Account of Evidence
Ch. 4 Defending and Modifying RAE
Dutch Books and Certain Loss
Evidence and Dissociation